Freedom Fighter Babe of Gadar Movement of Sub Centre Dhudike

            If we have look at the history of Malwa region, then we canít avoid village Dhudike.  Dhudike was the village of district Ferozepur, after that it came under District Faridkot and now it is the well known village of District Moga.  In the last years of 19th century.  Dhudike was under the British just like other villages of Punjab. There were the years of Economic Depression. The farmers were going to U.S.A, Canada or Malaya for their earnings.  Some of them were compelled to join the British army to become a part of world-war.

Under these circumstances, Pakhar Singh and Ishar Singh of Dhudike went to America and Canada 1912.  There they felt the difference between freedom and slavery. The English hated Indians, it hurt the self respect of these Babas. Baba Ishar Singh in Canada and Baba Pakhar Singh in U.S.A came in the contact of Gadar Party and became the members.  According to party programme in 1941 they boarded an Austrialian Ship and returned India.  They started the activities of Gadar Party.  After reaching the village, they inspired some persons to join Gadar Party and with their efforts eight person of village became so activate that a Police Chauki was posted in the village. Whose expenditure was taken half yearly from the people of the village.  Thus, Dhudike became the sub-centre of Gadar Party in Malwa region.

Special remarks by the Judges about Dhudike:-

            During the decision of Second case juges said that there were there main centres of Gadar Party.  They were  Dhudike in Malwa,  Sanghwal in Doaba and Sur Singh in Majha.

            It is said that Gadar movement  failed but this is not the reality.  After  World War Ė I the Government wanted to pass Rowallt Act, which was made because Government was afraid of Gadar movement . Jallian Wala Bagh. Massrace took place due to the protest showed  by people.  At this time, on seeing the circumstances Mahatma Gandhi started Non-Co-Operation  Movement in India.  In December 1929, in Lahore session Congress, first time asked about the Puran Swaraj but  Gadar Party had been claiming this since 1913.

            Being Dhudike of  Sub centre Gadar Party in Malwa  region, the meetings of the party were often held here.  Some times meetings were held at Primary School, where master Phera Singh organized these meeting.  Some time at  Khoo (well/motor in the fields) of Baba Pakar Singh or in the cultivated land near the village.  Kartar Singh Srabha also took part in these meetings.

            This type of secret meeting was held on 2nd June 1915 at Dhoaba , Rajwaha (kessi) (a  dream of water). In it a scheme was planned to rob the Army Ammunition Depot of Kapurthala on 5th June 1915.  But plan was not fulfilled due to some reasons. But some Gadaris were given punishment of life time(umar kad) imprisonments due to participate the meeting on 2nd June and gathering on 5th June 1915 at Kapurthala. 40 Babaís participated in this meeting but Judges said  following Babaís participated in this movement.  Shaheed Baba Ishar Singh Dhudike, Shaheed Baba Banta Singh Sanghowal (Jalandhar), Baba Pala Singh Wada (Dhudike), shaheed Baba Roor Singh, Shaheed Baba Boota Singh Akalgarh (Ludhiana), Shaheed Baba Chanan Singh village Boorchand(Amritsar), Baba Pala Singh Chotta  Dhudike, Baba Sham Singh Dhudike, Baba Mohinder Singh Dhudike, Baba Pakhar Singh Dhudike, Baba Arjun Singh Jagraon, Shri Kapoor Singh Kauinke, Kapoor Singh was released after that . Shaheed Kala Singh Jagatpu(Amritsar), Shaheed Bir Singh Bahowal and Shri Nand Singh Dhodhar were not  punished.

            Many armed Gadriís came together out side the Kapurthala Cantt on 5th June 1915 to loot the ammunition Depot with the help of Havaldar Bhagwan Singh. Due to deficiency of arms and person this plan was postponed. To have some arms, it was planned to attack the Railway Bridge, Police Station (Amritsar) to loot some rifles. This is known as Kapurthala Raid happened in January 1915.  It is a special effort of Gadriís to permote the movement of  February 1915. Which was dispersed.

 Gadri Babaís of Dhudike


Gadri Shaheed Baba Ishar Singh

            He was born in 1881. S. Sajjan Singh was his father and Dharm Kaur was his mother.  He went to Canda in 1907 and stayed there till 1911. During this his two brothers passed away and returned to village to look after his parents.  In December 1912, he again went to back Canada . In 1914, he returned by a French Austrailian Ship on 17-21 December 1914. In Gadar Party he worked under the names of Tera Singh and Puran Singh.  He also took part in the attack of Kapurthala and Ferozepur.  Jaildar Chanda Singh of Nangal Kalan (Hoshiarpur), who was against the Gadari Babaís and gave information to the British about their activities, Baba Ishar Singh participated in teaching him a lesson.  He was arrested in 19 September 1915 from village Mana-Bhagwana of Faridkot Rajasat (State) with Shaheed Uttam Singh Hans from a dera.  According to police they had been residing their for last ten days.  An automatic Pistol, a Rewolwar and some bullets were found from them.

            The duration of this case was over on 30 March 1916 and he was sentenced to death in 18 June 1916 at Lahore Jail.


Shaheed Roor Singh

            He was the native of Talwandi Dusanj (Talwandi Bhangaria) now in Moga District.  But he lived at Dhudike.  His sister got married here. After the death of his Brother- in- law he had to live here due to some circumstances. On 2nd June 1915 according to the decision of the meeting, he was declare accused to rob the ammunition depot of Kapurthala and attacking the Police Party at Garden Ke and Valla Bridge at (Amritsar) and his property was taken. He was sentenced to death on 18th June 1916.


Baba Pala Singh Jathedar
(1895-1986)

He joined the British Army in the young age of 19-20 years.  When, he came village on leave he met some Gadaris.  He joined Gadar Party and left his job.  He was given a punishment of life time imprisonment and his property was taken. He was the one of them who broke the jail at Hajari Bagh (Bihar) 18 Gadari also came out of jail with him.

 
Baba Pakhar Singh
(n1885-1986)

            He reached America in 1912.  He went there to earn some dollars like other Indians but he saw that slaves were ill treated and made up his mind to fight for Indiaís freedom.  He returned to India along with Shaheed Baba Ishar Singh by ship.

            At last on June 18th 1915 he was arrested and imprisoned in Ravalpindi Jail.  He was among those who broke the Hajari Bagh Jail.  He was freed in 1940 after 25 years.


Baba Pala Singh Wada
(Birth 1885, Death 25-10-1969)

            Baba Ji join the military Police of Burma.  In 1910 he left his job and returned his village. He imprisoned for 3 years for planning to rob ammunition Depot of Kapurthala at Sua (Sub Canal) of village Dhudar.


Baba Mohinder Singh

            He was alighted to take part in the activities of the Jatha (Group) of Bhai Sahib Randhir Singh.  On this basis  he was arrested on December 19th in 1915 from Khanna Station (Ludhiana) and was imprisoned for three years.


Baba Sham Singh

            He was also alighted to participate in Dhodhar and he was imprisoned for three years.

Master Phera Singh

            His native village was Kot Sardar Jhanda Singh District Sayalkot.  He was a teacher in a school of Dhudike.  He was also imprisoned for two years for making the school the centre of Gadaris.

Baba Sundar Singh

            He belonged to Jhanda Patti and his fatherís name was Deva Singh.  He was one of the active member of Gadar Party. In 1915 when 12 Gadariís returned to India in 1915 by Calcutta S.S.Namsang Ship.  He was with them.

Baba Attar Singh

            Narain Singh was his father.  He was working as Granthi in Hongkong where he joined Gadar Party.  He also retuned India by Calcutta S.S.Namsang Ship.  He was imprisoned for three months for the activities of Gadar Party.

  Other Patriots of Dhudike

  1. Lala Lajpat Rai.
  2. Baba Hari Singh:- He participated in Jateo da Morcha.
  3. Baba Harnam Singh:- He participated in Guru Ke Bagh da Morcha.

Following Nambardars of village Dhudike were given equal position with Gadari Babas. Their nambardari was cancelled because they were faithful to Gadri Babas but they gave no information to police about them.  There were eight nambardars in village.  But the nambardariís of four persons was cancelled because they knew much about the activities of Gadari Babas.

  1. Nambardar Jeeva Singh Patti Kollu.
  2. Nambardar Kahla Singh Patti Baja.
  1. Nambardar Boor Singh Patti Kapoora.
  2. Nambardar Bishan Singh Patti Jhanda.

Although Dhudike was the centre of freedom fighters and other activities but there were some black sheep also who gave information to police time to time. They were:

  1. Pakhar Singh Nambardar.
  2. Nano mal(father- in- law of Dalip Singh)
  3. Narain Singh
  4. Naraina Kajjiha

As Dhudike was the centre of patriots it effected the neighboring villages also.

Uttam Singh Hans alias Ragho Singh

            He was imprisioned with Gadari Shaheed Baba Ishar Singh Dhudike from the village Mala Bhagwana of Faridkot.  He was picking the beans in disguise of hermit.  He was sentenced to death on June 18 in 1916.


Baba Roor Singh of Churchak

            He was one of the prominent member of Gadar Party. When The Britishers left the country even then he lived underground.  He participated in the police of the country. He died on 15th February 1950 in the hospital at Delhi.  According to his will his dead body was taken by Ajit Singh Paton to village Churchack.  Kansi Ram and Ganga Ram of Churchack was also  active members .

Mainda Singh Ji Dhudhar

            He was born to Mata Sham Kaur in 1887 at village Dhudhar. S.Budh Singh was his father.  He was also an active member of Gadar Movement.


Tirlok Singh Daudhar

He was born to S.Lehna Singh at Daudhar.  He was 15 Sikh Ex. Sapahi no. 4928.  He was expelled from Malaya.

Thaman Singh Kundan Lal Dhandhar

            They were active members of the Gadar Party.


Comrade Jai Singh

            He is still alive.  At the time of  partion of 1947, he hoisted the Flag on Kikar and help the Muslims by sending them to refugee camps safely.


Baba Dasunda Singh Ajitwal
(1903-1991)

            He was also effected by Gadar Movement and he was also appointed the cashier of Desh Bhagat Yadgari Hall Jalandhar and other important posts. Baba Karm Singh and Sundar Singh were also belonged to Ajitwal.

Kishan Singh Kokari Kalan

            To teach the people about their rights and to give awarness about the self respect the education must.  He started a school at Kokari Kalan.  The looms were also then in the school.  He sold all his property and spent on the school so that children of that area get education

Dalip Singh and Garib Singh Kokari Phoola Singh Wali

            They were real brothers.  They were born to Mata Sant Kaur and S. Bhagwan Singh. Dalip Singh was pushed by someone in the sea. Garib Singh ji played an important role to protest against Vancouver incident. He throw away his medals and Buttons. He was the President of Gurdwara at Vancouver. He worked for Gadar Party when he returned India.  He was offered pension through Sant Prem Singh ji but he rejected this offer.  The daughter in law of Baba ji Mrs. Parsan Kaur said that the Governments of the times did not value the sacrifice made by the Baba ji and the freedom about which Baba ji sacrificed himself still not achieved.

Munshi Singh Kokari Phoola  Singh

            He wrote the letter to Arjun Singh while residing in Brazil that he wanted to buy arms for the Gadar Party.  He was severely punished for this.                                             

Kapoor Singh Kaunike Kalan

            He was a school going child.  He joined the Gadar Party with the inspiration of Gadari Baba Bhagat Singh Balowal. He was present in the meeting of 5th June 1915 of Kapoorthala, in which the ammunition Depot was to be looked.

Arjun Singh Jagraon

            He came from foreign.  He was introduced to Gadari of Dhudike by Banta Singh Dhudike.  He made an impressive speech in the Killi Mela.  He participated in both attack of Ferozepur and Kapurthala.  He was imprisoned for life time

Hafiz Abdula Jagraon

            He was the President of Gadar Party in Manila. Many people became the member of Gadar party due to his inspiration.  He returned India on 28th January in 1915.

Other Gadari Babas of neighboring village also associated with sub-centre of Dhudike.  Dhudike was the centre of the Gadaris, when the movements for freedom flourish.

            From 1950 not only this village but also Churchack and Dhaudhar also adopted the communism. A conference is held at Dhudhars under the guidance of Mainda Singh.

            Many fairs are held in the memory of these Gadari Babas in this village and neighboring villages.

            Gadar Memorial committee Malwa.Zone and Desh Bhagat Gadari babe Yadgar committees are founded.  Every year on 18th June the patiriotic fairs are held in their memories.

Amarjit Singh
 


Zdr qihrIk dy sb sYNtr Fu`fIky dy sMgrwmI bwby

jykr mwlvw Kyqr dy sMgrwmI ieiqhws dI g`l krIey qW ipMf Fu`fIky nUM nqmsqk hoey ibnW nhIN irhw jw skdw[ Fu`fIky ijhVw pihlW i&rozpur izlHy dw ipMf sI, iPr izlHw PrIdkot iv`c AwieAw qy hux izlHw mogw iv`c hY[ g`l AwpW au`nIvIN sdI dy AMqly swlW qoN SurU krdy hW[ Fu`fIky ipMf vI pMjwb dy dUsry ipMfW vWg AMgryzI swmrwjIAW dI gulwmI dy iSkMjy iv`c jkiVAw hoieAw, AwriQk mMdvwVy iv`c guzr irhw sI[ ikswnI rozI-rotI dI Bwl iv`c kYnyfw AmrIkw qy mlwieAw vrgy dysW nUM vhIrW G`q rhI sI[ kuJ ikswnI ivSv-Xu`DW dw Kwjw bxn leI AMgryzW dI POj iv`c BrqI hox leI mzbUr sI[

iehnW hwlqW iv`c ies ipMf coN do jxy eISr isMG kYnyfw nUM qy pwKr isMG AmrIkw nUM gey[ ieh g`l 1912 dI hY[ auQy phuMc ky aunHW nUM, gulwmI qy AzwdI dy &rk dw qIbr Aihsws hoieAw[ gulwm kOmW nUM iks qrHW ku`iqAW brwbr smiJAw jWdw sI, iks qrHW auhnW dy svYmwn nUM s`t mwrI jWdI sI[ gorI nsl v`loN, ikvyN BwrqIAW nwl nPrq kIqI jWdI sI, iehnW bwibAW qoN ieh g`l brdwSq nw hoeI[ bwbw eISr isMG kynYfw iv`c Aqy bwbw pwKr isMG AmrIkw iv`c Zdr-pwrtI dy sMbMD iv`c Aw gey[ pwrtI pRogrwm Anuswr 1914 iv`c dovyN jwxy AstrylIAn jhwz rwhIN, AwpxI mW BUmI nUM Awzwd krwaux leI Bwrq prq Awey qy pwrtI dIAW srgrmIAW SurU kr id`qIAW[ ipMf phuMc ky iehnW ny ZdrI igAwn dy ky ipMf coN hI A`T mYNbr hor BrqI kr ley[ ies lihr 'c iek`ly Fu`fIikAW dy hI 10 mYNbr Swml ho gey[ Fu`fIky vwly AYny srgrm ho gey ik ipMf iv`c qwzIrI-puils cONkI ibTwauxI peI, ijsdw swrw Krcw iCmwhI mwmly dy nwl hI ipMf vwilAW qoN augrwihAw jWdw[ Fu`fIky, mwlvy, 'c Zdr-pwrtI dw sb-sYNtr bx igAw[

Fu`fIky bwry j`jW dI Kws it`pxI

dUjy kys dy PYsly iv`c j`jW ny Zdr lihr dy smu`cy pMjwb iv`c iqMn ipMfW nUM Zdr lihr dy gVH jW Dury imiQAw hY[ pihlW mwlvy iv`c Fu`fIky, dUjw duAby iv`c sMGvwl Aqy qIjw mwJy iv`c sur isMG[

Awm pRBwv Zdr Lihr bwry ieh hY ik auh nwkwm rhI sI qy ies dy dUr-rsI is`itAW nUM A`KoN proKy kIqw jWdw hY[ drAsl ieiqhws pRqI ieh phuMc hI swrQk qy XQwriQk nhIN[
pihlI v`fI jMg Kqm hox qy srkwr ny rolt-AYkt (kwlw kwnUMn) pws krnw cwihAw, ijhVw ik iehnW Zdr lihr vrgIAW lihrW qoN BYBIq ho ky bxwieAw igAw sI[ ies dy ivru`D jlisAW jlUsW dw nqIjw jilHAW vwly bwg dw KUnI kWf ho inbiVAw[ ies pRkwr ies isAwsI nzwkq mOky mhwqmw gWDI horW vI nw imlvrqx Lihr clweI[ nw imlvrqx Lihr qy ies qoN A`gy iesy kWgrs ny dsMbr 1929 dy lhOr sYSn iv`c pihlI vwr pUrn svrwj dI mMg kIqI, jdoN ik Zdr pwrtI 1913 qoN hI pUrn svrwj nUM hiQAwrbMd j`do-jihd nwl hwsl krn leI jUJ rhI sI[

ipMf dy ZdrI juJwrU qy lok ieiqhws nUM Kws mnSy qihq jwx-buJky lukoieAw qy n`ipAw igAw qW jo AWaux vwlI pIVHI Awpxy AslI ivrsy qoN vWJI qy korI rhy[ auh Awpxy puriKAW dIAW kurbwnIAW qy kwrnwimAW qoN byKbr rihx qW jo ZdrI bwibAW dy supinAW nUM swkwr krn vwlIAW AjokIAW lihrW leI ieh ienklwbI bwby pRyrnw sroq nw ho skx[

ipMf Fu`fIky Zdr-pwrtI dw mwlvy dw sb-sYMtr hox krky, ZdrI bwibAW dIAW Aksr ie`Qy mIitMgW huMdIAW rihMdIAW, kdI ipMf dy pRwiemrI skUl 'c ijQy mwstr Pyrw isMG isAwlkotI iehnW mIitMgW dw pRbMD krdy[ kdI bwbw pwKr isMG dy KUh qy jW iksy hor bIAw-bwn jgHw 'qy[ krqwr isMG srwBw Aksr iehnW mIitMgW iv`c iSrkq krdw[

ies pRkwr ie`k ivSyS gupq mIitMg 2 jUn 1915 nUM dODr dy rjvwhy (k`sI) 'qy hoeI sI, ijs iv`c 5 jUn 1915 nUM kpUrQly POjI Aslw lu`tx leI sbIl bxweI geI sI[ ieh sbIl BwvyN keI kwrnW krky isry nw cVH skI pr ies AwDwr qy 2 jUn dI mIitMg iv`c Swiml hox krky qy kpUrQly 5 jUn 1915 nUM iek`Ty hox krky keI ZdrIAW nUM aumr-kYdW vgYrw suxweIAW geIAW sn[ ies mIitMg iv`c BwvyN 40 ku bwibAW bwry Swml hoxw d`isAw jWdw hY, pr j`jW Anuswr hyT ilKy bwibAW ny ih`sw ilAw:-
ShId bwbw eISr isMG Fu`fIky, ShId bMqw isMG sMGovwl (jlMDr), bwbw pwlw isMG v`fw Fu`fIky, ShId rUV isMG, ShId bUtw isMG AkwlgVH (luiDAwxw), ShId cMnx isMG ipMf bUVH cMd (AMimRqsr), bwbw pwlw isMG Cotw Fu`fIky, bwbw Swm isMG Fu`fIky, bwb mihMdr isMG Fu`fIky, bwb pwKr isMG Fu`fIky, bwbw Arjun isMG jgrWEN, sRI kpUr isMG kwauNky-kpUr isMG nUM bwAd 'c brI kr id`qw igAw[ ShId kwlw isMG jgqpur (AMimRqsr), ShId bIr isMG bwhovwl Aqy sRI nMd isMG dODr, jo bwAd iv`c vwAdw muAwP ho gey[

ieh kwPI swry ZdrIAW dw iek`T sI ijnHW ny hornW nUM nwl imlwky hiQAwrbMd ho ky 5 jUn 1915 nUM kpUrQly CwauxI nyVy bwhrvwr iek`Ty ho ky, au`QoN dy ie`k hmdrd POjI hvwldwr Bgvwn isMG dI mdd nwl AslwKwnw lu`txw sI[ hiQAwrW qy nPrI dI Gwt krky kuJ rwiePlW lu`tx dw PYslw ilAw igAw[ ieh vwrdwq ijs nUM kpUrQlw ryf vI ikhw jWdw hY, jUn 1915 iv`c vwprI[ ieh hmlw aus ienklwbI lihr ijhVI PrvrI 1915 nUM iKMfW id`qI geI lgdI sI, nUM muV surjIq krn dw ZdrIAW dw ie`k ivSyS hMBlw sI[
 

Fu`fIikAW dy ZdrI bwby


ZdrI ShId bwbw eISr isMG


jnm 1881 ipqw dw nW s`jx isMG qy mwqw dw nW Drm kOr[ 1907 'c kYnyfw gey, 1911 q`k au`Qy rhy[ ies dOrwn auhnW dy dovyN Brw guzr gey qy mwqw ipqw dI dyK-Bwl leI ipMf prq Awey[ dsMbr 1912 'c iPr kYnyfw gey qy 1914 iv`c PrWsIsI jhwz AwstrylIAn rwhIN 17-21 dsMbr 1914 nUM Bwrq vwps prq Awey[ Zdr-pwrtI iv`c ienHW ny qwrw isMG Aqy pUrn isMG dy nwvW qy kMm kIqw[ ienHW kpUrQly Aqy iProzpur vwly hmilAW iv`c ih`sw ilAw[ nMgl klW (huiSAwrpur) dy zYldwr cMdw isMG, jo ZdrI bwibAW dy ault muKbrI krdw sI, nUM soDx leI kwrvweI iv`c ih`sw ilAw[ 19 sqMbr 1915 nUM ShId au`qm isMG hWs nwl &rIdkot irAwsq dy ipMf mwnw-BgvwnW qoN ie`k swD dy fyry qoN PVy gey, ij`Qy ieh dovyN puls Anuswr ipCly dsW idnW qoN rih rhy sn[ auhnW pwsoN ie`k AwtomYitk ipsqOl, irvwlvr qy kwrqUs brwmd kIqy gey[30 mwrc 1916 nUM muk`dmy dI smwieq ^qm hoeI qy 18 jUn 1916 nUM sYNtrl jylH lwhOr ivc PWsI dy id`qI geI[



ShId rUV isMG

iehnW dw j`dI ipMf BwvyN qlvMfI dusWJ (qlvMfI BMgyrIAW) hux izlHw mogw sI[ pr  ieh rihMdy ipMf Fu`fIky hI sn[ ieQy iehnW dI BYx ivAwhI hoeI sI[ BxveIey dI mOq qoN mgroN ienHW nUM mzbUrI v`s ieQy rihxw ipAw[ ienHW 2 jUn 1915 vwlI mIitMg dy PYsly Anuswr 5 jUn 1915 nUM kpUrQly AslKwnw lu`tx dI koiSS qy swizs dw doSI grdwn ky Aqy v`lw (AMimRqsr) pul qy puils gwrd qy hmly dw doSI mMnky PWsI Aqy jwiedwd zbqI dI szw suxweI geI[ 18 jUn 1916 nUM Awp jI nUM PWsI dy id`qI[


bwbw pwlw isMG j`Qydwr
(1895-1986)

Awp 19-20 swl dI gBryt Av`sQw iv`c AMgryzI POz iv`c BrqI ho gey[ jUn 1915 nUM ipMf Cu`tI Awaux krky ZdrIAW nwl imlwp hoieAw[ POz 'coN BgOVy ho ky ZdrIAW nwl jw rly[ szw aumr kYd jwiedwd-zbqI[ ieh dyS Bgq hzwrI bwg (ibhwr) iv`coN jylH qoV dy B`jx vwly 18 ZdrIAW iv`coN ie`k sI[


bwbw pwKr isMG
(jnm 1885-1986)

Awp 1912 dOrwn AmrIkw jw phuMcy[ bwkI swry ihMdIAW vWg gey qW sn fwlr kmwaux, pr gulwmI dw Aihsws ies iS``dq nwl hoieAw ik au`Qy KUn psInw ie`k krky kIqI kmweI dyS qoN nCwvr krky mro-mwro dI Twx ky ihMd prqy[ ieh vI ShId eISr isMG dy nwl hI aunHW vwly jhwz qy vwps phuMcy d`sy jWdy hn[

vwpsI qy ipMf nzrbMd kIqy gey[ AKIr 18-6-1915 nUM igRPqwr krky rwvlipMfI jylH iv`c f`k id`qy gey[ ieh vI bwbw pwlw isMG vWg hzwrI jylH qoVn vwilAW iv`c Swml sn[ iehnW nUM 1940 iv`c koeI 25 swlW mgroN irhwA kIqw igAw[
 


bwbw pwlw isMG v`fw
(jnm 1885 dyhWq 25-10-1969)

bwbw jI cVHdI jvwnI iv`c brmw dI imltrI puils iv`c BrqI ho gey[1910 iv`c puils dI nOkrI C`fky ipMf Aw gey qy 2-6-1915 nUM dODr vwly sUey qy kpUrQly dy AslKwny qy hmly dI ivauNq bxwaux leI hoeI mIitMg 'c Swiml hox dy jurm 'c iqMn swl kYd bw-muS`kq hoeI[


bwbw mihMdr isMG

ienHW qy BweI swihb rxDIr isMG dy jQy dIAW ienklwbI kwrvweIAW 'c Swml hox dw doS sI[ iesy AwDwr qy ienHW nUM 19-12-1915 nUM KMnw (luiDAwxw) stySn qoN igRPqwr kr ilAw igAw qy iqMn swl s^q kYd suxweI geI[


bwbw Swm isMG

ienHW qy vI 2-6-1915 dy dwauDr vwly iek`T iv`c Swml hox dw doS sI qy ienHW nUM vI iqMn swl s^q kYd suxweI geI[

mwstr Pyrw isMG

j`dI ipMf kot srdwr JMfw isMG, ijlHw isAwlkot[ ieh Fu`fIky ipMf 'c skUl 'c mwstr sn qy skUl nUM srkwr ny ZdrIAW dw A`fw mMn ky ienHW nUM do swl kYd suxweI geI[

bwbw suMdr isMG

ipqw dw nwm dyvw isMG p`qI JMfw[ Zdr pwrtI dy srgrm mYNbrW iv`coN sn[ sI.AweI.fI irport iv`c ienHW nUM bhuq Kqrnwk d`isAw igAw hY[ jdoN AmrIkw 'coN 1915 iv`c 12 ZdrI klk`qy AYs.AYs.nwmsMg jhwj rwhIN Awey qW Awp jI vI auhnW iv`c Swml sn[
 

bwbw Aqr isMG

Awp jI dy ipqw dw nW nrYx isMG sI[ Awp hWgkWg ivKy gRMQI dI ifaUtI inBw rhy sn, ijQy Awp Zdr pwrtI dy sMprk iv`c Awey[ Awp vI jnvrI 1915 'c AYs.AYs.nwmsMg jhwz rwhIN Bwrq Awey[ Zdr pwrtI 'c Awp jI dIAW gqIivDIAW krky Awp nUM iqMn mhIny dI kYd hoeI[

Fu`fIky dy hor dyS Bgq
1. lwlw lwjpq rwey:- (kWgrsI pwrtI)
2. bwbw hwrI isMG:- iehnW ny jYqo dy morcy 'c ih`sw ilAw[
3. bwb hrnwm isMG:- Awpny gurU ky bwg morcy 'c ih`sw ilAw[

Fu`fIky dy hyT ilKy nMbrdwrW nUM vI ZdrI bwibAW dy nwl sQwn id`qw jWdw hY[ iehnW ny ZdrI bwibAW nwl vPw kmwauNdy hI nMbrdwrIAW quVvw leIAW pr bwibAW bwry puils nUM sUh nhIN id`qI[ ipMf dy A`T nMbrdwr sn[ pr cOhW dI nMbrdwrI ies krky qoVI geI ikauNik iehnW nUM bwibAW dIAW gqIivDIAW dw izAwdw pqw sI[
1. nMbrdwr jIvw isMG p`qI kolU
2. nMbrdwr kwhlw isMG p`qI bwjw
3. nMbrdwr bUV isMG p`qI kpUrw
4. nMbrdwr ibSn isNG p`qI JMfw
mnu`KI ieiqhws iv`c ij`Qy ivkws hY auQy ivroD hY[ ij`Qy cMgI Psl hY au`Qy nW imAwrI vI hY qy ij`Qy dyS BgqI hY auQy ZdwrI vI hY[

Fu`fIky ipMf BwvyN ienklwbI sMgrwmIAW qy gqIivDIAW dw gVH sI, pr ie`Qy
vI hyT ilKy muKbr hoey hn jo hr vkq ZdrI bwibAW dIAW knsoAW lYNdy rihMdy qy puils nUM fwierI idMdy rirMdy:-
1. pwKr isMG nMbrdwr
2. nYxo m`l (dlIp isMG dw shurw)
3. nrYx isMG
4. nrYxw kJIAw
ikauNik Fu`fIky ZdrI dyS BgqW dw gVH sI, ies leI iesdw guAWFI ipMfW qy pRBwv pYxw kudrqI sI[ iesdy PlsrUp hI hyT ilKy keI dyS Bgq guAWFI ipMfW 'coN pYdw hoey[
 

au`qm isMG hWs aurP rwGo isMG

Awp jI ZdrI ShId eISr isMG Fu`fIky dy nwl hI PrIdkot dy ie`k ipMf mwlw Bgvwnw qoN igRPqwr kIqy gey[ ie`Qy Awp ie`k swDU dy Bys iv`c Kwx leI guAwry dIAW PlIAW qoV rhy sn[ ienHW nUM vI 18 jUn 1916 nUM PWsI id`qI geI[


bwbw rUV isMG cUhVc`k

Awp Zdr lihr dy srkrdw mYNbrW iv`coN sn[ dyS iv`coN brqwnvI swmrwjIAW dy cly jwx qoN bwAd vI Awp jI nUM Awpxw jIvn rUpoS rih ky ibqwauxw ipAw[ dyS dI isAwsq iv`c auh lgwqwr ih`sw lYNdy rhy[ 15 PrvrI 1950 nUM jdoN ienHW dI mOq id`lI hspqwl iv`c hoeI qW aus smyN vI Awp rUpoS rih rhy sn[ Awp jI dI lwS Awp jI dI ie`Cw Anuswr, auQoN AjIq isMG p`qo bhuq kTn hwlqW iv`c cUhVc`k lY ky AwieAw sI[ kWsI rwm qy gMgw cUhVc`k vI Zdr lihr dy srgrm ispwhI sn[
 

mYNdw isMG jI dODr

ienHW dw jnm s: bu`D isMG dy Gr mwqw Swm kOr dI ku`KoN 1887 iv`c dODr ivKy hoieAw[ ieh vI Zdr lihr leI Awpx qn-mn-Dn vwrn vwly kwrkuMn sn[


iqrlok isMG dODr

Awp jI dw jnm ipMf dODr ivKy s: lYhxw isMG dy Gr hoieAw[ Awp jI 15 is`K swbkw ispwhI nMbr 4928 sn[ mlwieAw iv`c Awp jI nUM Zdr dw pRcwr krn krky k`F id`qw igAw[ Awp AgWhvDU ivcwrW dy mwlk sn[

QMmx isMG qy kuMdn lwl dODr

Awp vI Zdr pwrtI dy srgrm kwrkuMn sn[


kwmryf jY isMG

Awp jI Ajy jIvq hn[ 1947 dI vMf vyly Awp ny rwStrI JMfw ApxI ik`kr qy hI cVHw ky pihl kdmI kIqI qy ipMf dy muslmwn BrwvW nUM j`Qy bxw ky kYNpW iv`c phuMcw ky AwauNdy rhy[


bwbw dsONDw isMG AjIqvwl
(1903-1991)

Awp jI vI Zdr lihr dy pRBwv hyT rhy qy dyS Bgq Xwdgwr hwl jlMDr dy KzwncI qy keI mh`qvpUrn AhuidAW qy rhy[ bwbw krm isMG qy suMdr isMG vI iesy ipMf dy jMmpl sn[

ikSn isMG kokrI klW

Zdr lihr dw pswr qy BwrqIAw iv`c AzwdI qy svYmwn dw Aihsws pYdw krn leI ividAw dy pswr dI zrUrq sI[ Awp jI kokrI ivKy ie`k skUl clwieAw krdy sn[ skUl iv`c K`fIAW vI lweIAW hoeIAW sn[ Awp AwpxI swrI jwiedwd vycky skUl dy ieMqzwm qy hI Krc krdy rhy qW jo ausdy ielwky dy b`cy-b`cIAW iv`idAw pRwpq krky sUJvwn ho skx[

dlIp isMG qy grIb isMG kokrI PUlw isMG vwlI

Awp jI dovyN sky Brw sn[ iehnW s: Bgvwn isMG dy Gr mwqw sMq kOr dI ku`KoN jnm ilAw[ dlIp isMG nUM bwhrly dyS iksy Zdwr ny smuMdr iv`c D`kw dy id`qw[ grIb isMG jI dw vYnkovr vwlI Gtnw jdoN is`K POzIAW ny ibRitS swmrwjIAW dy iKlw& ivroD pRdrSq krn leI mYfl qy btn vgYrw clw ky mwry sn, iv`c mu`K rol sI[ Awp jI vYnkUvr ivKy gurduAwry dy pRDwn vI sn[ Awp Bwrq Aw ky vI Zdr lihr leI kMm krdy rhy[ aunHW nUM jUhbMdI vI hoeI rhI[ sMq pRym isMG rwhIN pYnSn dI pySkS AweI, pr aunHW Tukrw id`qI[ bwbw jI dI nUMh pRsMn kOr (AkwlI pwrtI) ny vI bwibAW dIAW kurbwnIAW dw mu`l nhI pwieAw qy ijhVI AwzwdI nUM Bwlx leI bwby kurbwnIAW dy ky gey sn, auh AwzwdI Ajy nhIN AweI[

munSI isMG kokrI PUlw isMG

aunHW ies ipMf dy Arjn isMG nUM brwzIl rihMdy ic`TI ilKI ik Zdr pwrtI leI hiQAwr KRIdxy hn[ pqw lgx qy ienHW nUM sKq szw k`txI peI[

kpUr isMG kwauNky klW

ie`k skUl jwx vwlw b`cw[ ZdrI bwbw Bgq isMG blovwl dI pRyrnw nwl Zdr pwrtI 'c Swml ho igAw[ 5 jUn 1915 dI kpUrQlw vwlI mIitMg iv`c, ijs iv`c AslKwnw lu`tx sI, ieh ies iv`c Swml sn[

Arjn isMG jgrwauN

Awp jI vI bdySW qoN ienklwbI sn[ FufIikAW dy ZdrI bwibAW nwl Awp jI dw quAwr& bMqw isMG ny Fu`fIky ivKy hI krvwieAw[Awp ny iklI dy myly qy ie`k bwgIAwnw qkrIr id`qI[ Awp ny i&rozpur qy kpUrQly vwly dohW hmilAW 'c ih`sw ilAw[ Awp dwauDr dI k`sI vwlI mIitMg iv`c vI hwizr sn[ Awp jI nUM aumr dI szw hoeI[

hwiPz Abdu`lw jgrwauM

mnIlw iv`c Zdr dy pRDwn sn[ Awp jI dI pRyrnw sdkw pwrtI dy kwPI mYNbr bx gey[ 28 jnvrI 1915 nUM Bwrq Aw gey[ AMgryz srkwr Awp jI nUM Kqrnwk ienklwbI smJdI sI[

ies qoN Aglyry hor guAWFI ipMfW iv`c jo hor ZdrI bwby hoey, auh vI Fu`fIikAW dy sb-sYNtr nwl juVy hoey sn, auhnW bwry ieiqhws ivc Cp cu`kw hY[ smu`cy qOr 'qy Fu`fIky ZdrIAW dw gVH jW sYNtr irhw qy ienklwbI lihrW ies dI bu`kl iv`c puMgrdIAW Aqy pldIAW rhIAW[

g`l A`gy qurdI hY Fu`fIky AgWhvDU ivcwrDwrw v`l v`Ddw hY[ qkrIbn 1950 qoN hI ieh ipMf qy iesdw Awlw-duAwlw kI cUhVc`k qy kI dODr kimaUinst ivcwrDwrw nUM Awpxw lYNdw hY[ dODr iv`c bwbw mYNdw isMG dI AgvweI iv`c ie`k ivSwl kwnPrMs huMdI hY[

gl rukI nhIN hor A`gy qurI hY[ Fu`fIky 'c BgqW dI ivrwsq au`pr pihrw dyx Aqy lihr dy supny swkwr krn leI Fu`fIky ipMf Aqy ielwky 'c keI morcy srgrm idKweI idMdy hn[ ij`Qy Fu`fIky Aqy ierd-igrd dy ZdrI Aqy hor ShIdW dy ipMfW 'c myly l`gx l`gy hn au`Qy lok lihr vI au`Tx l`gI hY[
Zdr mYmorIAl kmytI mwlvw jon qy dyS Bgq ZdrI bwby Xwdgwr kmtIAW bx cu`kIAW hn[ ieh hr swl 18 jUn ZdrI bwibAW dI Xwd 'c AgWhvDU qy dySBgqI 'c rMgy myly lw rhIAW hn[ Bu`ly ivsry ieiqhws nUM lokW dI nzr kr rhIAW hn ik:-
clo clIey dyS nUM Xu`D krn, eho Aw^rI bcn &urmwn ho gey[

Zdr dIAW pYVW iv`coN "AmrjIq isMG"

 

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